Author Topic: HAJ ACCORDING TO THE QURAN#2  (Read 125 times)

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HAJ ACCORDING TO THE QURAN#2
« on: July 16, 2019, 07:01:55 AM »
THE PILGRIMAGE (HAJ)#2
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2:197 The pilgrimage shall take place in the well-known months. And whoever undertakes the pilgrimage in those [months] shall, while on pilgrimage, abstain from lewd speech/ sexual intercourse, from all wicked conduct, and from quarrelling; and whatever good you may do, God is aware of it. And make provision for yourselves - but, verily, the best of all provisions is God-consciousness: remain, then, conscious of Me, O you who are endowed with insight!
5:1 O YOU who have attained to faith! Be true to your covenants! Lawful to you is the beast from the cattle, save what is mentioned to you (cattle not sacrificed in a halal way);, save what is mentioned to you; but you are not allowed to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Behold, God ordains in accordance with His will.
5:2 O you who have attained to faith! Offend not against the symbols set up by God, nor against the sacred month, nor against the garlanded offerings, nor against those who flock to the Inviolable Temple, seeking favour with their Sustainer and His goodly acceptance…
3:97 full of clear messages. [It is] the place whereon Abraham once stood; and whoever enters it is secure. Hence, pilgrimage unto the Temple is a duty owed to God by all people who are able to undertake it. And as for those who deny the truth - verily, God does not stand in need of anything in all the worlds.

*It is said that those months are 10, 11, and the first ten days of month 12. But, why only the first ten days of month twelve, that it is not in the Quran, and it sound like something twisted/invented. Furthermore. The well known months could also mean the sacred months 11, 12, 1, and 7, when fighting is forbidden and it is safer to travel in the land.
* The only land meat allowed during Haj is bovine, ovine, caprino , and camellidus, sacrificed in a halalway. All water meat is allowed, sacrificed in a halal way.
* Al-Haj (Pilgrimage/ ritualized visit) is during the well known months, and it is a duty owed to God at least once in a lifetime, if the believer has the resources, or as many times as wished after the first one, if the believer wills.
* Al-Umrat (the tending/ maintenance/ visit) can be done at any time of the year, and as many times as wished. It carries no restriction if is done outside the Haj months, but if it is performed during the Haj months 2:196 the visitor shall sacrifice an animal or fast 10 days if he/she does not have the resources.
* 5:2 offend not against the sacred month seems to mean that no wickedness is acceptable during the sacred month in which the Haj is being performed. However, seen 5:2 from a different perspective means accepting that the corrupters corrupted the Quran in 2:197 by adding an alif to the word ShHR turning month into months, for reasons that only God knows. Moreover, Believing that ShHR in 2:197 is singular instead of plural will limit Haj to be performed only in the month of Haj. But, this will still mean that a pilgrim has a whole month to perform Haj, and not only the first ten days as corrupters claim.
* Breaking the restrictions nulls Haj (pilgrimage) and turns it into an Umrat (visit)

2:196       وَأَتِمُّواْ  And you shall complete/ perform    ٱلْحَجَّ the pilgrimage/ ritualized visit     وَٱلْعُمْرَةَ  and the tending/ maintenance/ visit    للَّهِ to/for God.     فَإِنْ  But, if    أُحْصِرْتُمْ  you have been prevented/ unable,     فَمَا then what     ٱسْتَيْسَرَ asked easy/ easily obtainable   مِنَ   of   ٱلْهَدْى * offering.  وَلاَ  And  not   تَحْلِقُواْ you shall shave    رُؤُوسَكُمْ  your heads   حَتَّىٰ until    يَبْلُغَ he(it) reaching/ attaining     ٱلْهَدْىُ the offering    مَحِلَّهُ his(its) acceptability/ lawfulness;    فَمَن but, who    كَانَ  be   مِنكُم of you  مَّرِيضاً    sick/ ill,     أَوْ or    بِهِ in him    أَذًى injury/ ailment    مِّن of    رَّأْسِهِ  his scalp,  فَفِدْيَةٌ then ransom/ redemption    مِّن of       صِيَامٍ  fast,   أَوْ or    صَدَقَةٍ  charity,   أَوْ or    نُسُكٍ act of worship,  فَإِذَآ  thus when   أَمِنتُمْ you have become safe/ feel well .   فَمَن Then, who [of]   تَمَتَّعَ  you are enjoying/ benefiting  بِٱلْعُمْرَةِ for/in the tending/ maintenance/ visit إِلَى  on/over   ٱلْحَجِّ the pilgrimage/ ritualized visit   فَمَا   then what ٱسْتَيْسَرَ  asked easy/ easily obtainable      مِنَ  of   ٱلْهَدْىِ * offering.  فَمَن  Then, who      لَّمْ definitely not    يَجِدْ he finds,     فَصِيَامُ then [shall] fast     ثَلاثَةِ   three   أَيَّامٍ days     فِى  in    ٱلْحَجِّ the pilgrimage,     وَ  and   سَبْعَةٍ   seven   إِذَا when     رَجَعْتُمْ you have returned.     تِلْكَ That,  عَشَرَةٌ   ten [days]      كَامِلَةٌ complete.     ذٰلِكَ    This,   لِمَن for whom     لَّمْ  not/ never    يَكُنْ he(it) being     أَهْلُهُ his family     حَاضِرِى  settled/ residing   ٱلْمَسْجِدِ the Masjid (place of prostration/worship)   ٱلْحَرَامِ the forbidden/ sacred.  وَٱتَّقُواْ    And, you shall fear     ٱللَّهَ The God,    وَٱعْلَمُواْ and you shall know    أَنَّ that    ٱللَّهَ The God    شَدِيدُ  severe one [in]  ٱلْعِقَابِ the retribution.         
     
2:196 And, you shall perform the Haj (pilgrimage/ ritualized visit) and the Umrat (tending/ maintenance/ visit) for God, but if you have been prevented/ unable, then whatever easily obtainable of offering. And, you shall not shave your heads until the offering attains its acceptability/ lawfulness; but, who be of you ill, or has an injury on his scalp, then he shall redeem/ ransom himself by fasting, or charity, or act of worship; thus, when you have become safe. Then, who of you are enjoying/ benefiting for the visit over the pilgrimage, then [shall give] whatever easily obtainable of offering; but, whoever does not find, then he shall fast three days in the pilgrimage, and seven when you have returned, that is ten [days] complete. This is for whom his family does not reside at the sacred Masjid. And, you shall fear God, and you shall know that God is severe in retribution.

*The Haj, or the Umrat, whichever a believer wishes to perform, are every year for those who have the resources. As for those who are unable, they are only required to sacrifice an offering they can easily afford, and eat and feed the poor in their hometowns.
*Those living at the Sacred Masjid (which here seems to mean the entire valley of Mecca) seem to be exempted from pilgrimage, because they are the intended beneficiaries of the sacrificed offerings, either by eating their meat, or by wealth generated from the sell of sacrificial livestock. It seems that one purpose of pilgrimage is to sustain the persecuted believers that emigrated to the safe city set up by God 28:57 Now some say, "If we were to follow the guidance to which thou invitest us, we would be torn away from our very soil!" Why - have We not established for them a sanctuary secure, to which, as a provision from Us, shall be gathered the fruits of all things? But most of them are unaware.  And, another one, to fulfill a petition made by P. Abraham: 14:37 "our Sustainer! Behold, I have settled some of my offspring in a valley in which there is no arable land,  close to Thy sanctified Temple, so that, our Sustainer, they might devote themselves to prayer: cause Thou, therefore, people's hearts to incline towards them  and grant them fruitful sustenance, so that they might have cause to be grateful.
*Pilgrims, Men and woman, shall shave their heads after the offering is made lawful, which is after the offering has been eaten by them and the poor people in Mecca, except those with a head illness. For them, ransom by fasting, or charity, or act of worship, when feeling well.
* Whoever does not bring during Haj, or cannot afford/find an offering, shall do fasting. However, if a person has spent all his/her resources, then he/she would be considered poor, and it seems that he/she is eligible to ask for food after they break their fast during the night.

2:198 you will be committing no sin if you seek to obtain any bounty from your Sustainer. And when you have surged/ rushed downward from 'Arafat, remember God at the holy landmark/ place(one of the places of pilgrimage between Arafat and Mina, a plain called Muzdalifa, or an area on the mountain of Quzah at the extreme end of Muzdalifa) , and remember Him as the One who guided you after you had indeed been lost on your way;
* For somebody who runs out of provisions during the pilgrimage, doing business or even working seems to be acceptable.
* All pilgrims are required to enter Mecca through Arafat.
* Tanking God for the guidance received is the next step after the pilgrims surge downward from 'Arafat. And, by the way it is written, it seems that the holy landmark is located right after Arafat, which seems to point to the plain of Muzdalifa.

2:199 and surge onward together with the multitude of all the other people who surge onward, and ask God to forgive you your sins: for, verily, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
*After performing what they are commanded, the pilgrims are ready to leave the plain of Muzdalifa, and go into the valley of Mecca for the next rituals.

2:203And bear God in mind during the appointed days; but he who hurries away within two days shall incur no sin, and he who tarries longer shall incur no sin, provided that he is conscious of God. Hence, remain conscious of/ fear God, and know that unto Him you shall be gathered.
* Performing the rituals shall take at least two days from when the pilgrims surge downward in multitudes from 'Arafat. However, as stated in 2:203, the phrase, “provided that the pilgrim fears God,” seems to remark that it is preferable to keep the number of days as low as possible. Therefore, the pilgrims have at least two days, if they did not bring an animal with them, to locate an offering, find a place to sacrifice it, and prepare a feast.

22:28   لِّيَشْهَدُواْ  So that they witness  مَنَافِعَ   benefits  لَهُمْ  to them,  وَيَذْكُرُواْ  and  they mention ٱسْمَ  name (of) ٱللَّهِ  the Godفِيۤ    in  أَيَّامٍ  days مَّعْلُومَاتٍ   known/ appointed  عَلَىٰ   over  مَا   what  رَزَقَهُمْ He has provided them  مِّن   of بَهِيمَةِ  beast (of)  ٱلأَنْعَامِ  the cattle.   فَكُلُواْ   Then, they have  eaten   مِنْهَا  of her(it)  وَأَطْعِمُواْ   and they have fed    ٱلْبَآئِسَ   the unfortunate  ٱلْفَقِيرَ the poor.                 

*the next ritual in the pilgrimage is the sacrifice of the animal-s brought as offering, and making a banquet/ feast in which the pilgrims eat and feeds the poor people in Mecca. And thus, “22:28 …they have eaten and they have fed the unfortunate poor” would be the legalization/ acceptability/ lawfulness of the offering. Then, as stated in 2:196, “…And do not shave your heads until the offering reaches/attains its legalization/ acceptability/ lawfulness …”, only after eating and feeding the sacrificed offering to the poor, the pilgrims can finally shave their heads.  Pilgrims, both men and women, have to shave their head before they can complete the next step on their pilgrimage. There is only one exception for shaving the head, “ 2:196… but he from among you who is ill or suffers from an ailment of the head shall redeem himself by fasting, or alms, or [any other] act of worship…” 

22:29   ثُمَّ   Thus,  لْيَقْضُواْ so that they consummate/ carry out تَفَثَهُمْ  their cutting the hair   وَلْيُوفُواْ  and so that they complete/ fulfill/ honour  نُذُورَهُمْ their vow/ pledge/ oath   وَلْيَطَّوَّفُواْ  and so that they (can) appear/ go about/  go arround بِٱلْبَيْتِ  in the house ٱلْعَتِيقِ  the ancient. 
48:27 …  most certainly shall you enter the Inviolable House of Worship, if God so wills, in full security, with your heads shaved, and modest, without any fear…

* this verses give the clear idea that a pilgrim is not to go around the temple, but, that he has to get into the temple in order to complete his/her Haj.
* Pilgrims are only allowed to get into the sacred temple/ Ka'bah after they have completed the required rituals, and have had their heads shaved. Therefore, getting into the temple seems to be the last ritual of pilgrimage. Then, after that, pilgrims are good to go back home.

2:158 behold, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols set up by God; and thus, no wrong does he who, having come to the Temple on pilgrimage or on a pious visit, strides to and fro between these two: for, if one does more good than he is bound to do - behold, God is responsive to gratitude, all-knowing.
*this could be done, if the pilgrim wills to do it, after fulfilling all the Haj rituals.

2:200And when you have performed your acts of worship, bear God in mind as you would bear your own fathers in mind - nay, with a yet keener remembrance! For there are people who [merely] pray, "O our Sustainer! Give us in this world" - and such shall not partake in the blessings of the life to come. (2:201) But there are among them such as pray, "O our Sustainer! Grant us good in this world and good in the life to come, and keep us safe from suffering through the fire": (2:202) it is these that shall have their portion [of happiness] in return for what they have earned. And God is swift in reckoning.

Pilgrimage is something simple, and in which the most Merciful did not put any difficulties. Glory be to God, the Most Merciful, for He is showing the truth to His humble servants, and He is exposing the corrupters.

As you can see believing brothers, in the pilgrimage/ Haj, there is no such thing as spending days in special places, wearing especial clothing, being obliged to be in Mecca ten days in the moth of Haj, sacrificing the animal in a special date, stoning devils, being chased by crazy people on camels, kissing stones, staying in expensive hotels owned by infidel corporation, running between the now flattened Al-Safa and Al-Marwah inside an air conditioned run way, taking the offering meat back home, etc. All those things are inventions of those who have gone far astray from the righteous path. The corrupters would claim that they are doing pilgrimage just the way P. Muhamad did it, but the Quran is evidence against them, just as the Torah was evidence against the Pharisees that claimed to P. Jesus that they were doing things just the way of P. Moses did them. Once people go astray, every generation after them adds layers of dirt on top of the dirt their fathers put on the clean ways of God. Only God can clean the circus the corrupters are doing in Mecca. If those corrupters are not stopped, God knows, maybe in the future pilgrims will be turning around the Kabah on an electric carousel, with casinos around the Sacred House, and tended by pagan hindu inmigrants.

Most verses on this article are from Muhammad Assad’s interpretation of Quran. However, some key words, phrases, and full verses, are corrected to their literal meaning, because M. Assad was Sunni, and as Sunni he interpreted the Quran based on the Sunni traditions.


May God increase our knowledge and give us wisdom.












VERSES RELATED TO HAJ:

2:189 THEY WILL ASK thee about the new moons. Say: "They indicate the periods for [various doings of] mankind, including the pilgrimage." However, piety does not consist in your entering houses from the rear, [as it were,] but truly pious is he who is conscious of God. Hence, enter houses through their doors, and remain conscious of God, so that you might attain to a happy state.
2:196 And, you shall complete/ perform the pilgrimage and the visit for God, but if you have been prevented/ unable, then whatever easily obtainable of offering. And, you shall not shave your heads until the offering attains its acceptability/ lawfulness; but, who be of you ill, or has an injury on his scalp, then he shall redeem/ ransom himself by fasting, or charity, or act of worship; thus, when you have become safe. Then, who of you are enjoying/ benefiting in the visit on the pilgrimage, then [shall give] whatever easily obtainable of offering; but, whoever does not find, then he shall fast three days in the pilgrimage, and seven when you have returned, that is ten [days] complete. This is for whom his family does not reside at the sacred Masjid. And, you shall fear God, and you shall know that God is severe in retribution.
 2:197 The pilgrimage shall take place in the months appointed for it. And whoever undertakes the pilgrimage in those [months] shall, while on pilgrimage, abstain from lewd speech, from all wicked conduct, and from quarrelling; and whatever good you may do, God is aware of it. And make provision for yourselves - but, verily, the best of all provisions is God-consciousness: remain, then, conscious of Me, O you who are endowed with insight!
2:198 [However,] you will be committing no sin if [during the pilgrimage] you seek to obtain any bounty from your Sustainer. And when you surge downward in multitudes from 'Arafat,  remember God at the holy place (at the kaba/ or once in the valley of meca), and remember Him as the One who guided you after you had indeed been lost on your way;
 2:199 and surge onward together with the multitude of all the other people who surge onward, and ask God to forgive you your sins: for, verily, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace.
2:203And bear God in mind during the appointed days; but he who hurries away within two days shall incur no sin, and he who tarries longer shall incur no sin, provided that he is conscious of God. Hence, remain conscious of God, and know that unto Him you shall be gathered.
2:158 behold, As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols set up by God; and thus, no wrong does he who, having come to the Temple on pilgrimage or on a pious visit, strides to and fro between these two: for, if one does more good than he is bound to do - behold, God is responsive to gratitude, all-knowing.

 3:96 Behold, the first Temple ever set up for mankind was indeed the one at Bakkah: rich in blessing, and a guidance unto all the worlds,
 3:97 full of clear messages. [It is] the place whereon Abraham once stood; and whoever enters is secure. Hence, pilgrimage unto the Temple is a duty owed to God by all people who are able to undertake it. And as for those who deny the truth - verily, God does not stand in need of anything in all the worlds.
5:1 O YOU who have attained to faith! Be true to your covenants! Lawful to you is the beast from the cattle, save what is mentioned to you (cattle not sacrificed in a halal way); but you are not allowed to hunt while you are in the state of pilgrimage. Behold, God ordains in accordance with His will.
5:2 O you who have attained to faith! Offend not against the symbols set up by God, nor against the sacred month, nor against the garlanded offerings, nor against those who flock to the Inviolable Temple, seeking favour with their Sustainer and His goodly acceptance; and [only] after your pilgrimage is over are you free to hunt. And never let your hatred of people who would bar you from the Inviolable House of Worship lead you into the sin of aggression: but rather help one another in furthering virtue and God-consciousness, and do not help one another in furthering evil and enmity; and remain conscious of God: for, behold, God is severe in retribution!
5:94 O YOU who have attained to faith! Most certainly God will try you by means of the game which may come within the reach of your hands and your weapons [while you are on pilgrimage], so that God might mark out those who fear Him although He is beyond the reach of human perception. And as for him who, after all this, transgresses the bounds of what is right-grievous suffering awaits him!
5:95 O you who have attained to faith! Kill no game while you are in the state of pilgrimage. And whoever of you kills it intentionally, [shall make] amends in cattle equivalent to what he has killed - with two persons of probity giving their judgment thereon - to be brought as an offering to the Ka'bah; or else he may atone for
his sin by feeding the needy, or by the equivalent thereof in fasting: [this,] in order that he taste the full gravity of his deed, [while] God shall have effaced the past. But whoever does it again, God will inflict His retribution on him: for God is almighty, an avenger of evil.
5:96 Lawful to you is all water-game, and what the sea brings forth, as a provision for you [who are settled] as well as for travellers, although you are forbidden to hunt on land while you are in the state of pilgrimage. And be conscious of God, unto whom you
shall be gathered.
5:97 God has laid down that the Ka'bah, the Inviolable Temple, shall be a symbol for all mankind; and [so, too, is the sacred month [of pilgrimage] and the garlanded offerings [are symbols] meant to make you aware that God is aware of all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth, and that God has full knowledge of everything.
9:19 Do you, perchance, regard the [mere] giving of water to pilgrims and the tending of the Inviolable House of Worship as being equal to [the works of] one who believes in God and the Last Day and strives hard in God's cause? These [things] are not equal in the sight of God. And God does not grace with His guidance people who [deliberately] do wrong.
22:26 And, when we assigned unto Abraham the site of this Temple, [We said unto him:] "Do not ascribe divinity to aught beside Me!" - and: "Purify My Temple for those who will walk around it, and those who will stand before it [in meditation], and those who will bow down and prostrate themselves [in prayer]."
22:27 Hence, [O Muhammad], I proclaim thou unto all people the [duty of] pilgrimage: they will come unto thee on foot and on every [kind of] fast mount, coming from every far-away point [on earth],
22:28 that they might experience much that shall be of benefit to them, and that they might extol the name of God on the days appointed (for sacrifice], over whatever heads of cattle He may have provided for them [to this end]: eat, then, thereof, and feed the unfortunate poor.
22:29 Thereafter let them bring to an end their state of self-denial, and let them fulfill the vows which they [may] have made, and let them walk [once again] around the Most Ancient Temple.
22:30 All this [is ordained by God]; and if one honours God's sacred commandments, it will redound to his own good in his Sustainer's sight. And all [kinds of] cattle have been made lawful to you [for sacrifice and food], save what is mentioned to you [as forbidden]. Shun, then, [all that God has forbidden and, most of all,] the loathsome evil of idolatrous beliefs and practices; and shun every word that is untrue,
22:31 [inclining] towards God, [and] turning away from all that is false, without ascribing divine qualities to aught beside Him: for he who ascribes divinity to aught but God is like one who is hurtling down from the skies whereupon the birds carry him off, or the wind blows him away onto a far-off place.
22:32 This is [to be borne in mind]. And anyone who honours the symbols set up by God [shall know that,] verily, these [symbols derive their value] from the God-consciousness in the [believers'] hearts.
22:33 In that [Godconsciousness] you shall find benefits until a term set [by Him is fulfilled], and [you shall know that] its goal and end is the Most Ancient Temple.
22:34 And [thus it is:] unto every community [that has ever believed in Us] have We appointed [sacrifice as] an act of worship, so that they might extol the name of God over whatever heads of cattle He may have provided for them [to this end]. And [always bear in mind:] your God is the One and Only God: hence, surrender yourselves unto Him.
And give thou the glad tiding [of God's acceptance] unto all who are humble –
22:35 all whose hearts tremble with awe whenever God is mentioned, and all who patiently bear whatever ill befalls them, and all who are constant in prayer and spend on others out of what We provide for them as sustenance.
22:36 And as for the sacrifice of cattle, We have ordained it for you as one of the symbols set up by God, in which there is [much] good for you. Hence, extol the name of God over them when they are lined up [for sacrifice]; and after they have fallen lifeless to the ground, eat of their flesh, and feed the poor who is contented with his lot [and does not beg], as well as him who is forced to beg. It is to this end that We have made them subservient to your needs, so that you might have cause to be grateful.
22:37 [But bear in mind:] never does their flesh reach God, and neither their blood: it is only your God consciousness that reaches Him. It is to this end that We have made them subservient to your needs, so that you might glorify God for all the guidance with which He has graced you. And give thou this glad tiding unto the doers of good:
22:38 Verily, God will ward off [all evil] from those who attain to faith; [and,] verily, God does not love anyone who betrays his trust and is bereft of gratitude.

Deuteronomy 14:22-26 15:11