Author Topic: "The Three" in 9:118  (Read 3029 times)

TellMeTheTruth

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"The Three" in 9:118
« on: December 23, 2017, 11:14:43 AM »
Salamun Alaikum, Brothers and Sisters! Can some one describe the word "The Three" (الثلثة) in Chapter 9 verse 118 without referring to any Hadith?


huruf

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #1 on: December 23, 2017, 11:44:49 AM »
It seems that the Qur'an describes them itself, those who were left behind and felt constrained in spite of the wide space and felt that there was no refuge for them to flee God, but rather that they should seek refuge in God and God turned to them.

Salaam

Mazhar

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #2 on: December 23, 2017, 12:51:25 PM »


And upon "the known three" of those who had lethargically tarried back,  until when the Earth, despite its vastness, had become straitened for them;
And their own selves felt contracted; and they assessed that there was no refuge from Allah except with Him; afterwards He mercifully attended them so that they might be back to the position from where they had erred.
The fact remains that Allah the Exalted is sympathetically oft Relenting, the Fountain of Mercy. [9:118]

عَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ الَّذِينَ

It is a prepositional phrase coupled with adjectival phrase, the next clause is linkage clause for the Relative Pronoun.
This sentence is the second part of compound sentence, the first is in the previous ayah.

For semantics one will read before it لَّقَد تَّابَ اللَّهُ

In time frame of its revelation some people might be knowing the names of the three men mentioned since three is definite with article. But for others the Linkage clause has defined them.

TellMeTheTruth

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #3 on: December 24, 2017, 04:07:02 AM »
Salamun Alaika Ya Mazhar!

Thank you for giving your precious time to answer my question. What I understand is "the Three" is used for some certain persons. However, I am a bit confused when I check the context.

Were these persons among the Momineen or Muhajireen or Ansar or Ahle-Madinah or Al-A'raab or Munfiqeen? Why they are specifically mentioned?

Would appreciate if a source could be shared with me where I could study and understand this whole surah.

Peace

Mazhar

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #4 on: December 24, 2017, 12:06:17 PM »
Indeed Allah the Exalted showered kindness upon the Elevated and Chosen Allegiant [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam]; and also upon the Emigrants and the Local Helpers who literally followed him in letter and spirit in the hour of difficulty;

This favour was upon noticing the fact that the hearts of a group of them were about to become eccentric-atilt-oblique. Afterwards, He the Exalted looked upon them mercifully.

Indeed Allah the Exalted is to them most surely compassionate, the Most Merciful. [9:117]

And upon "the known three" of those who had lethargically tarried back,  until when the Earth, despite its vastness, had become straitened for them;

And their own selves felt contracted; and they assessed that there was no refuge from Allah except with Him; afterwards He mercifully attended them so that they might be back to the position from where they had erred.

The fact remains that Allah the Exalted is sympathetically oft Relenting, the Fountain of Mercy. [9:118]

Chapter-9

parvez mushtaq

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #5 on: December 25, 2017, 10:11:30 AM »
Indeed Allah the Exalted showered kindness upon the Elevated and Chosen Allegiant [Sal'lallaa'hoalaih'wa'salam]; and also upon the Emigrants and the Local Helpers who literally followed him in letter and spirit in the hour of difficulty;

This favour was upon noticing the fact that the hearts of a group of them were about to become eccentric-atilt-oblique. Afterwards, He the Exalted looked upon them mercifully.

Indeed Allah the Exalted is to them most surely compassionate, the Most Merciful. [9:117]

And upon "the known three" of those who had lethargically tarried back,  until when the Earth, despite its vastness, had become straitened for them;

And their own selves felt contracted; and they assessed that there was no refuge from Allah except with Him; afterwards He mercifully attended them so that they might be back to the position from where they had erred.

The fact remains that Allah the Exalted is sympathetically oft Relenting, the Fountain of Mercy. [9:118]

Chapter-9
Assalamualaikum Rahamatullahi Wabarakathahu , Mazhar Baih
my only doubt is "the known" in the word ٱلثَّلَٰثَةِ how you have arrived at "the known" three

Mazhar

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #6 on: December 25, 2017, 11:49:53 AM »
Assalamualaikum Rahamatullahi Wabarakathahu

Definite article prefixed.

parvez mushtaq

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #7 on: December 26, 2017, 02:38:44 AM »
Assalamualaikum Rahamatullahi Wabarakathahu , Mazhar Baih
my only doubt is "the known" in the word ٱلثَّلَٰثَةِ how you have arrived at "the known" three
Yes , you are correct but i am asking about "known" .it should be the three not the "known" three

huruf

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #8 on: December 26, 2017, 03:57:16 AM »


9-118. And about the three who were left behind, until, when the earth became strait for them, for all its breadth, and their souls became strait for them, and they thought that there was no shelter from God except in Him, then He turned towards them, that they might also turn; surely God turns, and is All-compassionate.

The "known" three are not known until we are told about them in the aya, and what we know is what the aya itself says. That is, there are no "known" three till the aya itself explains to us what about them. We are not rquired to look for another explanation. There were three people to whom what is said in 9.118 refers.

Salaam

Mazhar

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Re: "The Three" in 9:118
« Reply #9 on: December 26, 2017, 04:10:41 AM »

9-118. And about the three who were left behind, until, when the earth became strait for them, for all its breadth, and their souls became strait for them, and they thought that there was no shelter from God except in Him, then He turned towards them, that they might also turn; surely God turns, and is All-compassionate.

The "known" three are not known until we are told about them in the aya, and what we know is what the aya itself says. That is, there are no "known" three till the aya itself explains to us what about them. We are not rquired to look for another explanation. There were three people to whom what is said in 9.118 refers.

Salaam

The agent of the bold sentence becomes some unknown person who left them behind. But the proxy subject of passive verb is plural relative pronoun. Verb is Form-II which is attributive. Definite article was for the first living readers who know specifically those three, for us they are specified by adjectival portrayal.