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Messages - Wilson

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1
Off-Topic / Malcolm X v. Joseph Schacht
« on: August 09, 2017, 04:31:00 AM »
I didn't know Joseph Schacht was the state's key witness.

http://www.aaihs.org/malcolm-x-in-the-courtroom/

2
Islamic Calendar & Ramadhan. / The night of measure - July 9th, 2017
« on: July 09, 2017, 02:40:31 PM »
84:16. So I do swear by the redness of dusk.
84:17. And the night and what it enshrouds.
84:18. And the moon when it becomes symmetric/full.

36:39. And the moon we have measured in descending stages, until it becomes like an old curved sheath.

97:1. We have sent it down in the night of measure.
97:2. And do you know what the night of measure is?
97:3. The night of measure is better than one thousand full-moons.
97:4. The controllers and the spirit come down in it by their lord?s leave in every matter.
97:5. It is peaceful until the rising of the dawn.

89:1-3. By the dawn and ten nights and the even and the odd.

2:183. O you who believe, the abstinence has been decreed for you like it was decreed for those before you, perhaps you may be forethoughtful.
2:184. A few days and if any of you is ill or traveling, then (abstain) a count of different days; and as for those who can do it with difficulty, they may redeem by feeding the needy. And whoever does good voluntarily, then it is better for him. And if you abstain it is better for you if you knew.
2:185. A scorching full moon is when the reading was descended as a guidance for people and clarifications from the guidance and the criterion, so whomever witnesses the full-moon, let him abstain it. And whomever was sick or traveling so a count of other days. The god wants to facilitate and not make it hard on you. And so complete the count and magnify the god for what he has guided you and perhaps you would be thankful.

3
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Adultery with slaves?
« on: June 26, 2017, 01:28:47 PM »
Peace Ju5,

https://free-minds.org/rules-engagement

Hope this helps.

5
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Surah 3 verse 85
« on: May 01, 2017, 06:35:31 AM »
Peace marthe,

First people must know what Islam is.

What is "islam"?

Hope this helps.

6
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Muhammad Asad's 70:30
« on: March 29, 2017, 12:49:14 PM »
2:224-225. And do not make God the subject of your casual OATHS. Be pious and righteous and reconcile among the people; and God is Hearer, Knower. God will not call you to account for your casual OATHS...

5:89. God will not hold you for your casual OATHS, but He will hold you for what OATHS you have made binding; its cancellation shall be the feeding of ten poor from the average of what you feed your family, or that you clothe them, or that you free a slave; whoever cannot find such shall fast for three days; this is a cancellation for making your OATHS when you swear...

5:108. This is best as they are more likely to bring the testimony as intended, or face that their OATHS would be disregarded as the previous OATHS...

9:12-13. And if they break their OATHS after making their pledge, and they challenge the authority of your system; then you may kill the leaders of rejection. Their OATHS are nothing to them, perhaps they will then cease. Would you not fight a people who broke their OATHS, and obsessed to expel the messenger, especially while they were the ones who attacked you first...

16:91-92. And fulfill your pledge to God when you pledge so, and do not break your OATH after making it, for you have made God a sponsor over you. God is aware of what you do. And do not be like she who unraveled her knitting after it had become strong, by breaking your OATHS as a means of deception between you...

16:94. And do not use your OATHS as a means of deception between you...

24:53. And they swear by God with their strongest OATHS that if you would only command them they would mobilize...

66:2. God has already given the law, regarding the cancellation of OATHS...

4:33. And for each We have made inheritors for what was left behind by the parents and the relatives. And those bound by your OATHS (aqadat aymanukum)...

7
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Muhammad Asad's 70:30
« on: March 28, 2017, 09:36:15 AM »
Peace Noon waalqalami,

Peace, it's a broad term depending on context and cannot mean above see example 33:55 those permitted to visit freely "spouses the prophet" in addition to their close relatives mentioned includes those under trust, care, employment etc., e.g. doctor perhaps.

?Ma malkat aymanukum?: Those related to you by your oath. In the case of a single man this is the oath of engagement to marry. In the case of a custodian this is the oath of adoption or financial support. Following are the list of verses where this expression occurs and the context of each occurrence:

Who you made an oath to marry: (4:3,4:24, 4:25, 23:6, 33:50, 33:52, 70:30)
Who you made an oath to adopt/take custody of: (24:31, 24:33, 24:58, 33:55)
Who you made an oath to financially support in general: (4:33, 4:36, 16:71, 30:28)

Source: Rules Of Engagement

Hope this helps.

8
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Muhammad Asad's 70:30
« on: March 27, 2017, 01:10:37 PM »
Peace zigazigha,

I would also like to point out that premarital sex is not mentioned in 70:30. Guarding the private parts means that we shouldn't let our private parts be aroused (except by our wives and those that we made an oath of engagement to).

Also, the Qur'an says not to take secret lovers, so I don't think ma malakat aymanukum means girlfriend/boyfriend/partner.
But I don't know, I might wrong...

Dating is allowed. Even secretly dating is allowed when the couple meet in secret to discuss good things (see 2:235).

Hope this helps.

9
Questions/Comments on the Quran / Re: Muhammad Asad's 70:30
« on: March 27, 2017, 12:22:56 PM »
Peace zigazigha,

In the comment he says the conjunction "aw" doesn't mean "or", but it has an explanatory function.
If this is the right translation does it mean that wives are possession of their husband? Isn't it degrading?

FREE-MINDS: Except around their spouses or those committed to by their oath, there is no blame.

Literally; "or what their oath possesses" (i.e. whom they made an oath to marry).

Hope this helps.

10
Understanding the Qur?an: Themes and Style
Abdel Haleem, Mohammed
? 1999 ? I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd
256 pages

The tenets of Islam cannot be grasped without a proper understanding of the Qur'an. Muhammad Abdel Haleem examines its recurrent themes - life and eternity, marriage and divorce, peace and war, water and nourishment - and for the first time sets these in the context of the Qur'an's linguistic style. Professor Haleem examines the background to the development of the surahs (chapters) and the ayahs (verses) and the construction of the Qur'an itself. He shows that popular conceptions of Islamic attitudes to women, marriage and divorce, war and society, differ radically from the true teachings of the Qur'an. [Series: London Qur?an Studies]


Literary Structures of Religious Meaning in the Qu'ran
Boullata, Issa J
? 2001 ? Routledge
396 pages

This volume studies how the literary elements in the Qur'an function in conveying its religious message effectively. It is divided into three parts. Part one includes studies of the whole Qur'an or large segments of it belonging to one historical period of its revelation; these studies concentrate on the analysis of its language, its style, its structural composition, its aesthetic characteristics, its rhetorical devices, its imagery, and the impact of these elements and their significance. Part two includes studies on individual suras of the Qur'an, each of which focuses on the sura's literary elements and how they produce meaning; each also explores the structure of this meaning and the coherence of its effect. Part three includes studies on Muslim appreciations of the literary aspects of the Qur'an in past generations and shows how modern linguistic, semantic, semiotic, and literary scholarship can add to their contributions. [Series: Studies in the Qur?an]


Logic, Rethoric, Legal Reasoning in the Quran
Gwynne, Rosalind Ward
? 2004 ? Routledge
256 pages

Muslims have always used verses from the Qur'an to support opinions on law, theology, or life in general, but almost no attention has been paid to how the Qur'an presents its own precepts as conclusions proceeding from reasoned arguments. Whether it is a question of God's powers of creation, the rationale for his acts, or how people are to think clearly about their lives and fates, Muslims have so internalized Qur'anic patterns of reasoning that many will assert that the Qur'an appeals first of all to the human powers of intellect. This book provides a new key to both the Qur'an and Islamic intellectual history. Examining Qur'anic argument by form and not content helps readers to discover the significance of passages often ignored by the scholar who compares texts and the believer who focuses upon commandments, as it allows scholars of Qur'anic exegesis, Islamic theology, philosophy, and law to tie their findings in yet another way to the text that Muslims consider the speech of God. [Series: Studies in the Qur?an]


Approaches to the Qur'an
Hawting, G.R.
? 1993 ? Routledge
352 pages

In recent years, the study of the Qur'an and its interpretation has expanded to incorporate insights gained from historical, biblical, literary and critical studies. A variety of approaches to the Qur'an and the Muslim exegetical tradition are currently available. Approaches to the Qur'an consists of thirteen essays by leading scholars, both Muslim and non-Muslim, in the fields of qur'anic studies and Islamic studies. Taken together, they offer a sample of the aims, methods and topics of enquiry now being pursued. Each study has a full critical apparatus, and the book includes a consolidated bibliography which will be of great value to students and specialists. [Series: Studies on the Middle East]


The Qur??n?s Self-Image
Madigan, Daniel
? 2001 ? Princeton University Press
256 pages

More than any other canon of scripture the Qur'?n is self-aware. It observes and discusses the process of its own revelation and reception; it asserts its own authority and claims its place within the history of revelation. Here Madigan presents a semantic analysis of its self-awareness, arguing that the Qur'?n understands itself not so much as a completed book, but as an ongoing process of divine "writing" and "re-writing," as God's authoritative response to actual people and circumstances.


Coherence In The Qur?an
Mir, Mustansir
? 1987 ? American Trust Publications
125 pages

A widely held view about the Qur?an is that, in its received form, it lacks coherence. Not surprisingly, most approaches to the Qur?an have remained atomistic in characters. Also, some western scholars have tried to rearrange the Qur?an in order to make it more comprehensible. The contemporary scholar Amin Ahsan Islahi rejects the view that the Qur?an is disjointed. Developing the seminal ideas and insights of his teacher, Hamid ad-Din al-Farahi, he has argued in Tadabur-I-Quran, his multi-volume Qur?an commentary, that the Qur?an possesses a nazm or coherence that is not only aesthetically pleasing but carries profound hermeneutical significance. Coherence in the Qur?an is the first detailed study of Islahi?s contribution to Qur?an exegesis. After putting a historical perspective on the idea of nazm in the Qur?an, it makes a critical examination of the major aspect of Islahi?s theory of Qur?anic nazm, and tries to assess the significance of this new approach to the Qur?an.


Qur'anic Studies Today
Neuwirth, Angelika
? 2016 ? Routledge
360 pages

Qur'ānic Studies Today brings together specialists in the field of Islamic studies to provide a range of essays that reflect the depth and breadth of scholarship on the Qur'ān. Combining theoretical and methodological clarity with close readings of qur?ānic texts, these contributions provide close analysis of specific passages, themes, and issues within the Qurʾān, even as they attend to the disciplinary challenges within the field of qur?ānic studies today. Chapters are arranged into three parts, treating specific figures appearing in the Qurʾān, analysing particular suras, and finally reflecting on the Qur?ān and its "others." They explore the internal dimensions and interior chronology of the Qur?ān as text, its possible conversations with biblical and non-biblical traditions in Late Antiquity, and its role as scripture in modern exegesis and recitation. Together, they are indispensable for students and scholars who seek an understanding of the Qur?ān founded on the most recent scholarly achievements. [Series: Studies in the Qur?an]


The Qur'an and its Interpretative Tradition
Rippin, Andrew
? 2001 ? Routledge
360 pages

The position of the Qur'an as the central symbol and reference point of Islam cannot be disputed. Despite this significance, the academic study of the Qur'an has lagged far behind that of the Bible. In these studies Andrew Rippin reflects upon both the principles and the problems of studying the Qur'an within the discipline of religious studies. He also pursues detailed investigations of the meaning of variants to the text and the history of Muslim interpretation of the text in its diversity. A newly written introduction lays out some of the general implications of these studies, while extensive indexes of Qur'anic verses, books, authors and topics make this research more readily accessible. [Series: Variorum Collected Studies]


The Qur?an - Formative Interpretation
Rippin, Andrew
? 1999 ? Routledge
414 pages

This first volume is concerned with the questions that have been addressed within the study of the early interpretation (tafsir) of the Qur?an. These papers exemplify the areas of debate within the field, the need for detailed investigative scholarship of individual texts, and the progress made in the systematic study of these early works. [Series: The Formation of the Classical Islamic World]


The Qur?an - Style and Contents
Rippin, Andrew
? 2001 ? Routledge
464 pages

This second volume reveals the variety of approaches followed within the study of the text. From N?ldeke?s examination of style through Arkoun?s project for the future, these scholarly statements reflect the historical development of the discipline, while providing overviews of key elements for the understanding of the Qur?an. [Series: The Formation of the Classical Islamic World]


Discovering The Qur?an
Robinson, Neal
? 1996 ? SCM Press

Used by students around the world as a reliable guide to reading a translation of the Qur'an, it shows how the Qur'an is experienced by Muslims, describing the rhythmic and rhyme scheme structures, the context in which it is heard, the part played by learning by heart, and the importance of calligraphy. It is also about the Qur'an and its relationship to Muhammed, as well as helping to divine the ordering of the surahs or chapters. In an English-speaking world newly sensitized to Islam and its believers, Discovering the Qur'an will be an invaluable tool to greater understanding.

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