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Topics - maxq

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1
Christianity/Judaism/Others / Yom Kippur mistranslated in Arabic
« on: May 13, 2010, 06:43:41 AM »
I was viewing the Arabic section of Wikipedia and it seems Yom Kippur has been translated into Arabic as Yaum al-Ghufran. I think this is an incorrect translation. In fact there is a direct cognate of KPR in Arabic (KFR) and its derivative is actually used as Kaffaarah to denote an act that CONCEALS or COVERS wrongdoing. Yom Kippur is translated in English as a Day of Atonement (where sins are pardoned or compensated for) which would render the Arabic close to Yaum al-takfeer, or Yaum al-Kaffaarah which is strikingly similar by meaning and etymology.

Comments?

2
Projects / Conferences / Events / Quran: Hebrew Translation
« on: June 29, 2008, 09:04:45 PM »
Thought I might put this up for a future project... I am not Hebrew savvy so I cannot undertake such a monumental endeavour. If anyone here can start with smaller chapters, that would be great... so far I have translated the "Basmala" and one short clause from the Text of Light (Surah Noor)

בשס האלה השדי והרחס
bishm ha-Eloh ha-shaddai v-ha-rachom
(I Begin) with naming The God, The Almighty, The Merciful

האלה ור השמים והארץ
ha-Eloh or ha-shmaayeem va-ha aaretz
The God is (the) Light of the heavens and the earth

3
Archeology & History / Etymology of the word Ja'far
« on: May 12, 2008, 08:16:05 PM »
Can someone please shed light on the name جعفر

It does not look like a standard 3-consonental root derivative... is the Jeem a grammatical operator? If so, is it an Arabic word or of a related language like Safaitic etc. (actually it seems more common in Iraq and nearby regions so a local dialect perhaps)? The answer may give rise to more questions as to why would this name be used by Arabs of Mecca (if at all).

Pointers welcome and appreciated.

4
Off-Topic / Anyone working (or thinking to work) towards PMP certification?
« on: November 05, 2007, 01:56:37 PM »
Please let me know. I am starting to prepare for my certification now so if anyone is in a siilar situation, perhaps we can help each other out.

5
Archeology & History / What do we know of Khybar?
« on: October 15, 2007, 12:01:10 PM »
Please view this inscription. It indicates that Khybar was destroyed in 567CE:
http://www.islamic-awareness.org/History/Islam/Inscriptions/harran.html

How does this reflect the conquest of Khybar of the Islamic tradition?

6
The word an-Naas (The people) has always perplexed me in terms of it's derivation. Can someone provide an explanation on how it is derived from its root?

7
Archeology & History / Amri al-Qais' Poem - From Language Barrier
« on: August 20, 2007, 01:50:18 PM »
I have coverted it to unicode if someone wishes to use it in a paper. Please reivew and if you find a typo, please let me know:

ذَنَّتِ السَّاعَةٌ وَّانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ
عَنْ غَزَالٍ صَادَ قَلْبِيْ ونَفَرَ

أَحْوَرَ قَدْ حُرْتُ فِيْ أَوْصَافِهِ
نَاعِسُ الْطَرْفِ بِعَيْنَيْهِ حَوَرَ

مَرْيَوْمُ الْعِيْدِ فِيْ زِنَتِهِ
فَرَمَانِيْ فَتَعَاطَي فَعَقَرَ

بِسِهَامٍ مِنْ لِحَاظٍ فَاتِكٍ
فَتَرَكْنِيْ كَهَشِيْمِ الْمُحْتَتَظَرَ

وَأِذَا مَا غَابَ غَنِّيْ سَاعهُ
كَانَتِ الْسَاعَةُ أدْهَى وَأَمَرّ

كَتَبَ الْحُسْنُ عَلَى وِجْنَتِهِ
بِسَحِيْقِ الْمِسْكِ سَطْراً مُخْتَصَرَ

عَاَدةُ الْأَقْمَارِ يَسْرِيْ فِيْ الْدَّجَى
فَرَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلََ يَسْرَي بِالْقَمَرِ

بالْضُحَى وَاللَّيْلِ مِن طُرَّتِهِ
فَرْقه ذا النور كم شيء زَهَر

قُلْتُ إِذْ شَقَّ الْعَِذَارُ خَدَّهُ
دَنَتِ الْسَاعَةٌ وَّانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ

أَقْبَلَ وَالْعُشَّاقُ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ
كَأَنْهُمْ مِنْ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ

وَجَاءَ يَوْمُ الْعِيْدِ فِيْ زِيْنَتِهِ
لِمِثْلِ ذَا فَلْيَعْمِلَ الْعَامِلُوْنَ


8
Jinn & the Paranormal / Updated the Wikipedia Djinn page
« on: August 18, 2007, 09:07:11 PM »
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genie#Jinn_in_pre-Islamic_era

Epigraphic Evidence

Inscriptions found in Northwestern Arabia seem to indicate a connection between the word Djinn and the Latin word Genius. For instance, an inscription from Beth Fasi'el near Palmyra pays tribute to the "Ginnaye", the "good and rewarding gods" (Hoyland: Arabia and the Arabs, 2001). This provides a sharp resemblance to the Latin Genius and Juno in that they could be considered equivalent to "Guardian Spirits", and hence reveal the missing link between the Etymology of these two words.

9
Archeology & History / Chaabou???
« on: August 17, 2007, 04:51:06 PM »
An interesting quote from http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Petra

Severus (A.D. 222-235), when the city was at the height of its splendour, the issue of coinage comes to an end, and there is no more building of sumptuous tombs, owing apparently to some sudden catastrophe, such as an invasion by the neo-Persian power under the Sassanid dynasty. Meanwhile as Palmyra (fl. A.D. 130-270) grew in importance and attracted the Arabian trade away from Petra, the latter declined; it seems, however, to have lingered on as a religious centre; for we are told by Epiphanius (c. A.D. 315-403) that in his time a feast was held there on the 25th of December in honour of the virgin Chaabou and her offspring Dusares (Haer. 51).

I see a similar pointer from "Arabia and the Arabs" by Hoyland: page 252

Chaabou :o The ch/kh sound is the same is K of Arabic, so I ask, is the Ka'BAH being spoken of here? I understand the virgin is Allat but why is she being called Chaabou amd not Chobar???

10
From what I understand, there is a big jump in al-Najm between verses 18 and 19

18 Certainly saw from signs of his Lord, the greatest one!
19 Have you seen Allaat ... ?

Why all of a sudden Allat and the rest of the divine female trio... were they somehow considered the signs of God? Was one of them referred to as Kubraa that there would be such a shift from the mention of revelation to a challenge to the pagans? The detour is too great and the context is a bit detached.. of course, the idea is to mention to the pagans that their understanding is twisted, but still the verses seem a bit detached, os what if there is more than meets the eye?

Now let us consider a few manuscripts from the 7th and 8th centuries CE

Patriach Patriarch Germanus (715-730)
With respect to the Saracens, since they also seem to be among those who urge these charges against us, it will be quite enough for their shame and confusion to allege against them their invocation which even to this day they make in the wilderness to a lifeless stone, namely that which is called Chobar (KBR), and the rest of their vain conversation received by tradition from their fathers as, for instance, the ludicrous mysteries of their solemn festivals.

John of Damascus (730s)
These, then, were idolators and worshippers of hte morning star and Aphrodite whom in fact they called Chabar (KBR) in their own language, which means "great." So until the times of Heraclius they were plain idolators. From that time till now a false prophet appeared among them, surnamed Muhammad (Mamed), who, having happened upon the Old and the New Testament and apparently having conversed, in like manner, with an Arian monk, put together his own heresy. And after ingratiating himself with the people by a pretence of piety, he spread rumours of a scripture (graphe) brought down to him from heaven. So, having drafted some ludicrous doctrines in his book, he handed over to them this form of worship (to sebas).

and
They misrepresent us as idolaters because we prostrate ourselves before the cross, which they loathe. And we say to them: "How then do you rub yourselves on a stone at your Ka'ba (Chabatha) and hail the stone with fond kisses?" . . . This, then, which they call "stone," is the head of Aphrodite, whom they used to worship and whom they call Chabar (KBR).

We see that the pagans are referring to Aphrodite as Kobar, which is the same root as Kuabraa and even diacritical pronounciation is too similar to discard...

This again signifies that Allat and the rest of the sub-Gods were considered as signs of Allah, and hence, the concept of Allah for the pagans was not as the "Head God" but a combined all-encompassing God, similar to the concept of Jahovah (the father, the son and the holy-spirit)...

This again, is my personal understanding so if I have made a mistake, please correct me.

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