Salaam,Who is Nabi?
It says that Nabi is the word derived from root Noon Ba Alif
and all its related words bind-up under the same root
. But It seems that AlQuraan used its all instances in different ways [that could mean different]:First word
– [ Noon Ba Alif/hamza
[singular] used in 2:27
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.أَنْبَاءُ
[plural] used in 6:5
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.Second word
– [ Noon Ba Ba Alif/hamza
] Please note tashdeed on “ba”. نَبِّئْ
used in 15:49
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.Third word
– [ Noon (Noon) Ba Waw Waw Taa
] Please note tashdeed on “noon” and “waw”. النُّبُوَّةَ
used in 29:27
. And also in 3:79
– [ Noon Ba Ya Ya
] Please note tashdeed on only “ya”. Only single tashdeed is used.نَبِيٍّ
[singular] used in 3:14
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.أَنْبِيَاءَ
[plural] used in 2:91
. I am not sure if this is plural of the above word as it has two “ya”.Fifth word
– [ Noon (Noon) Ba Ya Ya
] Please note tashdeed on “noon” and “ya”. Two tashdeeds are used. Hence this word is different from the above “forth word”. Its plural also used two tashdeeds.النَّبِيِّ
used in 7:15
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.النَّبِيِّينَ
[plurals] used in 2:136
. And also used in many other aayaats with it's different derivatives.
These are five different words used in AlQuraan with its many different derivatives or whatever you call it.
We will inshaAllah discuss and see the difference between only two words here i.e., forth word نَبِيٍّ
and fifth word النَّبِيِّ
First of all you have to understand what means KAANA
in order to understand this topic easily [please click on kaana
When you understand what kaana
means, now you are ready to see the difference between forth and fifth word mentioned above.
19:41 وَ اذۡکُرۡ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ اِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ ۬ؕ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ صِدِّیۡقًا نَّبِیًّا
19:41 And mention in the Book Ibraheem. Indeed, he became a man of truth, a prophet.
Did you notice that he became a prophet? Yes, self-made prophet. Please note the word nabiyyan
[fifth word with two tashdeeds on noon and yaa] This is an open position where anyone can reach. Lets go further and see.
19:49 فَلَمَّا اعۡتَزَلَہُمۡ وَ مَا یَعۡبُدُوۡنَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِ اللّٰہِ ۙ وَہَبۡنَا لَہٗۤ اِسۡحٰقَ وَ یَعۡقُوۡبَ ؕ وَ کُلًّا جَعَلۡنَا نَبِیًّا
19:49 So when he [Ibraheem] had left them and those they worshipped other than Allah, We gave him Is-haaq and Yaqoob, and each We made a prophet.
Please note the word nabiyyan
is different than in 19:41, it has only one tashdeed [forth word] so, We made each of them a prophet
. They are not self-made nabis but Allah made them.
19:51 وَ اذۡکُرۡ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ مُوۡسٰۤی ۫ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ مُخۡلَصًا وَّ کَانَ رَسُوۡلًا نَّبِیًّا
19:51 And mention in the Book, Musa. Indeed, he became chosen
, and he became a messenger and a prophet.
Again, when kaana [became] is used, the word nabiyyan is used with two tashdeeds [fifth word].
19:53 وَ وَہَبۡنَا لَہٗ مِنۡ رَّحۡمَتِنَاۤ اَخَاہُ ہٰرُوۡنَ نَبِیًّا
19:53 And We gave him out of Our mercy his brother Haroon as a prophet.
There is not kaana, hence word nabiyyan is changed to single tashdeed [forth word]. Haroon was also not a self-made nabi, but Allah made him nabi for Musa.
19:54 وَ اذۡکُرۡ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ اِسۡمٰعِیۡلَ ۫ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ صَادِقَ الۡوَعۡدِ وَ کَانَ رَسُوۡلًا نَّبِیًّا
19:54 And mention in the Book, Ismael. Indeed, he became true to his promise, and he became a messenger and a prophet.
19:55 وَ کَانَ یَاۡمُرُ اَہۡلَہٗ بِالصَّلٰوۃِ وَ الزَّکٰوۃِ ۪ وَ کَانَ عِنۡدَ رَبِّہٖ مَرۡضِیًّا
19:55 And he became ordering to his people for salaat and zakaat and became to his Lord pleasing.
Ismael is also a self-made Rasoolan [please do not get confuse with other usage of Rasool, there is a difference in text and meaning as in nabiyy] and Nabiyyan same as Musa in 19:51.
Please note the word kaana and tashdeeds on word nabiyyan in all aayaats.
19:56 وَ اذۡکُرۡ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ اِدۡرِیۡسَ ۫ اِنَّہٗ کَانَ صِدِّیۡقًا نَّبِیًّا
19:56 And mention in the Book, Idrees. Indeed, he became a man of truth and a prophet.
Idrees also self-made nabi.If you understand the differences between those words and its text, we can continue further and see how it fits, inshaAllah.
5:44 اِنَّاۤ اَنۡزَلۡنَا التَّوۡرٰىۃَ فِیۡہَا ہُدًی وَّ نُوۡرٌ ۚ یَحۡکُمُ بِہَا النَّبِیُّوۡنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اَسۡلَمُوۡا لِلَّذِیۡنَ ہَادُوۡا وَ الرَّبّٰنِیُّوۡنَ وَ الۡاَحۡبَارُ بِمَا اسۡتُحۡفِظُوۡا مِنۡ کِتٰبِ اللّٰہِ وَ کَانُوۡا عَلَیۡہِ شُہَدَآءَ ۚ فَلَا تَخۡشَوُا النَّاسَ وَ اخۡشَوۡنِ وَ لَا تَشۡتَرُوۡا بِاٰیٰتِیۡ ثَمَنًا قَلِیۡلًا ؕ وَ مَنۡ لَّمۡ یَحۡکُمۡ بِمَاۤ اَنۡزَلَ اللّٰہُ فَاُولٰٓئِکَ ہُمُ الۡکٰفِرُوۡنَ
5:44 Indeed, We sent down AlTawraat, in which is guidance and light. The prophets who submitted judges by it
for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah, and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the disbelievers.
Please note yahkumu
. Yahkumu is muzaarey [present and/or future tense] as in 2:113, 5:1, 5:44,45,47, and many more. And alnabiyyoona is plural of fifth word with two tashdeeds [self-made nabis who submitted to Allah].
There are many more aayaats to be discussed in this topic. If anyone interested we will continue inshaAllah.
May Allah increase us in knowledge and guide us to His true path