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The status of the Prophet

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helaldeshi:
hello
What status does a prophet cccupy when he is sent to the people?

The status of the Prophet is not just a carrier or a postman who, after delivering the letter, has no concern with it whatsoever. The Prophets are not set merely to deliver the word of Allah. They are also required to explain the dvine Book, to interpret it, to expand it, to demostrate the ways of its application and to present a practical example of its contents. Their duty is not restricted to reciting the words of the Book, rather they are supposed to teach it and to train people to run their lives in accordance with its requirements. The Quran was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed s.a.w. with its text and recitation and the laws. He thought the companions how to act upon it. The Quran leaves no doubt concerning this point by saying

 ‘Allah has surley blessed the believers with His favour when He raised in their midst a messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His verses and makes them pure and teaches then the Book and the wisdom, while they were, earlier, in an open error’ (3:164)

 ‘He (Allah) is One who raised up, among the unlettered, a Messenger from among themselves who recites the verses of Allah, and makes them pure and teaches them the book and the wisdom’(62:2)

The same functions were attributed to Prophet  in the prayer of Prophet Ibrahin a.s when, according to the Quran, he prayed: ‘Our Lord, raise in their midst a messenger from amongst themselves who recites to them Your verses and teaches them the Book and the wisdom and purifies them.’ (2:129)

These are the terms of reference given to the Prophet s.a.w which include four distinct functions and Prophet s.a.w has been entrusted with all of them:
1. Recitation of the verses of Allah.
2. Teaching the Book of Allah.
3. Teaching the Wisdom.
4. Making the people pure.

And the Quran leaves no ambiguities in the fact.

MAY THE LORD OF THE WORLDS GUIDE THOSE THAT ARE IN NEED OF GUIDE NESS.

Kamzo19:

--- Quote from: helaldeshi on February 10, 2012, 06:39:03 AM --- The Prophets are not set merely to deliver the word of Allah. They are also required to explain the dvine Book, to interpret it, to expand it, to demostrate the ways of its application and to present a practical example of its contents. Their duty is not restricted to reciting the words of the Book, rather they are supposed to teach it and to train people to run their lives in accordance with its requirements.
These are the terms of reference given to the Prophet s.a.w which include four distinct functions and Prophet s.a.w has been entrusted with all of them:

...
And the Quran leaves no ambiguities in the fact.


--- End quote ---

This looks a lot to what we once discussed there: http://free-minds.org/forum/index.php?topic=9601109.0

helaldeshi:
no kamazo19
That’s not what I want to discuss here. The Quran is not for just prayer. It is code of life. Thats include running the state, doing int. business, applying the laws (criminal and others), how to make treaties of war, how to behave with others and so and so forth.... The Quran is to govern every aspect of our life that I mean cross the t dot the i. now that would be submitting to Allah.

The Prophet s.a.w is not only sent recite verses but also to teach the Book. Then since teaching the ‘Book’ is not eough, he is also required to teach ‘Wisdom’ which is something additional to the Book. Still this is not enough, therefore The Prophet s.a.w has also to ‘make the people pure’. Thus a practical trining to enable the people to apply the Book and the Wisdom in the way Allah requires them to apply.
So we get the following functios of the Prophet s.a.w from the Quranic verses:

a)   He is the authority in the way the Book has to be recited.
b)   He has the final word in the interpretation of the Book.
c)   He is the only source at which the wisdom based on divine guidance can be learned.
d)   He is entrusted with the practical training of the people to bring his teachings into practice.

MAY THE LORD OF THE WORLDS GUIDE THOSE THAT ARE IN NEED OF GUIDE NESS.

Kamzo19:
Yes, I understand, so please, (I forgot to precise, sorry) see page 3 of the thread I posted, especially my argument with Aicha.

I support the idea of a messenger who is sent in the midst of the believers, after Prophet Muhammad, to continue showing what people are unable to see in the Scripture. This person would have the same role as Prophet Muhammad had in his time between the believers.

A lot of people on this forum don't like this idea.

Peace  :)

MesMorial:

--- Quote ---hello
What status does a prophet cccupy when he is sent to the people?

The status of the Prophet is not just a carrier or a postman who, after delivering the letter, has no concern with it whatsoever. The Prophets are not set merely to deliver the word of Allah. They are also required to explain the dvine Book, to interpret it, to expand it, to demostrate the ways of its application and to present a practical example of its contents. Their duty is not restricted to reciting the words of the Book, rather they are supposed to teach it and to train people to run their lives in accordance with its requirements. The Quran was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed s.a.w. with its text and recitation and the laws. He thought the companions how to act upon it. The Quran leaves no doubt concerning this point by saying

 ‘Allah has surley blessed the believers with His favour when He raised in their midst a messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His verses and makes them pure and teaches then the Book and the wisdom, while they were, earlier, in an open error’ (3:164)

 ‘He (Allah) is One who raised up, among the unlettered, a Messenger from among themselves who recites the verses of Allah, and makes them pure and teaches them the book and the wisdom’(62:2)

The same functions were attributed to Prophet  in the prayer of Prophet Ibrahin a.s when, according to the Quran, he prayed: ‘Our Lord, raise in their midst a messenger from amongst themselves who recites to them Your verses and teaches them the Book and the wisdom and purifies them.’ (2:129)

These are the terms of reference given to the Prophet s.a.w which include four distinct functions and Prophet s.a.w has been entrusted with all of them:
1. Recitation of the verses of Allah.
2. Teaching the Book of Allah.
3. Teaching the Wisdom.
4. Making the people pure.

And the Quran leaves no ambiguities in the fact.

MAY THE LORD OF THE WORLDS GUIDE THOSE THAT ARE IN NEED OF GUIDE NESS.
--- End quote ---


I will respond to the verse using verse 2:151 (since it says the same thing):


ABSTRACT


Messengers come to recite the Message and to teach the Book (e.g. help people to remember and record it). Allah taught the Qur’an (55:1-2) and we are expected to as well (2:121, 3:79). The wisdom (al hikma) comes from Allah through the Qur’an (17:39, 33:34, 36:2, 43:4, 43:63, 44:4, 54:5). It is (in part) the ability to recognise truth and to adhere to it (2:269, 19:12, 26:21, 26:83, 28:14, 31:2, 31:12, 38:20). See also 17:22-38 for specific examples of wisdom. Use of the word “and” does not mean that there is a complete separateness (e.g. with “the balance” (42:17, 57:25)). Rather it indicates that one is within the other (e.g. 21:48). Finally, the delivery of religious practices (as passed from Ibrahim) will purify believers (e.g. when Muhammad took alms from those who had acknowledged their wrongdoings (9:103 (also see 92:18))). Allah intends to purify Muslims with the Message (5:6).

In simple terms, Muhammad recites the verses of the Qur’an. He does not do it just once since people will not always remember it. He recites it for those who will listen. These people will learn it by listening, hence Muhammad will be teaching the book. The wisdom is inside the book (44:4), so one teaches the wisdom with the book. Following it will purify the person (5:6, 33:33, 34:6 etc.).

Muhammad's people did not know the book because they never had a messenger (32:3).

As in the instance of 2:151, The Qur’an breaks rules of grammar because it is emphasising. For example:


“And certainly We gave to Musa and Haroun the Furqan and a light and a reminder for those who would guard (against evil).” (21:48)


The Qur’an is the light (4:174-175, 42:52).
The Qur’an is the reminder (6:90 etc.).




MAIN ARTICLE


Let’s break it down. Muhammad had multiple functions, but he achieved them through one responsibility.


“Even as We have sent among you a Messenger from among you who recites to you Our communications…”


Muhammad’s responsibility was to recite the Qur’an.


“…and purifies you…”


Muhammad purifies his people by bringing a new way of life. This new way of life enjoins conduct with purifies them. For instance, when Muhammad took alms from those who had acknowledged their wrongdoings (9:103):


“Take alms out of their property, you would cleanse them and purify them thereby…” (9:103)


This is because giving alms purifies one’s soul:


“Who gives away his wealth, purifying himself.” (92:18)


The Islamic way of life purifies people, thus Allah purifies people with the message:


“Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you…” (5:6)


“Those are they for whom Allah does not desire that He should purify their hearts.” (5:41)


“Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you…” (33:33)


“…and teaches you the Book and the wisdom…”


Obviously people cannot be purified without wisdom. When Muhammad recited the Qur’an, he was also teaching people the book and its wisdom. He was teaching them what he had been taught:


“The Lord of Mighty Power has taught him.” (53:5)


“The Beneficent Allah taught the Qur’an.” (55:1-2)


For example, reciting a nursery rhyme to children is the same as teaching it.


“And certainly We know that they say: Only a mortal teaches him.” (16:103)


The above verse is clear proof the reciting is teaching.

Now as for the wisdom (al hikma), it comes from Allah through the Qur’an (17:39, 33:34, 36:2, 43:4, 43:63, 44:4, 54:5).


We know that ALL of the wisdom is in the Qur’an because Isa was also taught the Book and the wisdom (3:48), but people were still expected to judge only by the Injeel (5:47).


“Therein EVERY WISE AFFAIR is made distinct.” (44:4)


The wisdom is the “recipe” in the Book which when one studies/follow, will make them wise. It describes the attributes/”nutrition” of the Book (including the stories) from which one can draw wisdom.

It is distinct from the Book in the same way that recipes are distinct from a recipe book.


“And keep to mind what is recited in your houses of the communications of Allah and the wisdom; surely Allah is Knower of subtleties, Aware.” (33:34)


The only thing which is ever recited in the Book is the Qur’an (literally “recital”). 33:34 thus confirms that the wisdom is in the Qur’an, being the attributes/”nutrition” of the verses which when followed (somewhat like a recipe), will lead to wise conduct.

Therefore one obtains the wisdom by studying the Book. One cannot teach the Book without teaching the wisdom, too.

Muhammad could not teach the Book without reciting it, and he could not teach it without teaching the wisdom, too.


“…and teaches you that which you did not know.”


Muhammad could not teach the book and the wisdom without reciting it. He could not teach the book and the wisdom without teaching something they did not know.

For example, suppose Billy Bob Bean is teaching clueless kids. He wants to teach them the Qur’an, but he will not be able to tell them anything without teaching them something they did not know (since they do not know anything).

An attribute of the book and the wisdom was that people did not know it. 


“Allah has revealed to you the Book and the wisdom, and He has taught you what you did not know.” (4:113)


“Say: Who revealed the Book which Musa brought, a light and a guidance to men, which you make into scattered writings which you show while you conceal much? And you were taught what you did not know, (neither) you nor your fathers.” (6:91)


Therefore in teaching the book and the wisdom, Muhammad was also teaching what they did not know (the book):


“You did not know what the Book was.” (42:52)


This is confirmed by 62:2, which expresses this phrase differently. It indicates that “teaching what they did not know” was the correcting-attribute of Muhammad’s mission, i.e. bringing them out of ignorance.




END THOUGHTS


Indeed, the word “and” implies that all these duties are separate things. This is because they are separate functions/attributes of the one duty.

For example, in 6:91 we saw that the Qur’an was a light. Because it was a light, it was guidance. Similarly, because Muhammad taught the book and the wisdom, he taught them what they did not know.


“And certainly We gave to Musa and Haroun the Furqan and a light and a reminder for those who would guard (against evil).” (21:48)


The Qur’an is the light (4:174-175, 42:52).
The Qur’an is the reminder (6:90 etc.).


Reciting the verses, teaching the book and the wisdom, purifying people and teaching what they did not know were all attributes of one duty (delivering the Qur’an).


“Nothing is on the messenger except the conveyance.” (5:99)


There is no additional explanation of what is being conveyed.

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