The way I try to understand the universe is to build off of the verses in the Qur'an. 29:20 Say, "Roam the earth and observe how the creation was initiated. Then God will establish the final design. God is capable of all things." How do I know how the creation was initiated? I find the verse 21:30 which says the heavens and earth were joined together then split or disjoined. This is clear to me that God caused the Big Bang. I read 32:7-10 The One who perfected everything He created and He began the creation of the human from clay. Then He made his offspring from a structure derived from an insignificant liquid. Then He evolved him, and blew into him from His Spirit. He made for you the hearing, the eyesight, and the hearts; rarely are you thankful. They said, "When we are buried in the ground, will we be created anew?" Indeed, they reject the meeting of their Lord.
So I build from there. Understand the nature of clay, understand human embryology, and accept only what agrees with the Qur'an.