Salaam readers of the Koran
Verse 44:10 - ad-Dukhan/the Smoke is probably related to the gas chambers used in the Second World War.
The Koran may have predicted the killing of a large part of the Jewish people in the gas chambers.
Therefore, watch for the day when the sky will bring a visible smoke/gas. It will envelop the people. This is a painful retribution. -
There are several opinions about the nature of this retribution. Some of them are: the use of chemical weapons, a nuclear war, air polution, an outburst of a volcano.
These explanations seem not to take into account verse 44:17.
We had tested before them the people of Pharaoh, and an honorable messenger (Moses) came to them. -
This verse indicates that the retribution of the -smoke/gas- is directed towards a special people – the people that were according to the Koran the successors of the people of Pharaoh.
The Koran mentions in verse 7:129 the Jewish people as the successors of the people of Pharaoh.
He (Moses) said: perhaps your Lord will destroy your enemy, and make you successors on earth, so He sees how you behave. -
As can be read in the Koran, the enemy of the Jewish people were the people of Pharaoh, they were destroyed and the Jewish people can be seen as their successors.
As according to verse 7:69 the people of Aad were the successors of the people of Noah.
In the Koran not another people than the Jewish are mentioned as the successors of the people of Pharaoh.
Furthermore, your Lord declared that He will rise against them (against the people of Moses – verse 7:159) people who would inflict severe persecution on them, until the day of Resurrection. Your Lord is quick to punish, and He is Forgiving, Compassionate. -
This verse states that the Jewish people will suffer from one or several forms of persecution until the Day of Resurrection.
The retribution of the -smoke- seems to be the one or one of them.
A counter argument to this explanation of -the smoke- could be that the wording: -the sky will bring smoke/gas- is something else than a gas chamber being filled with smoke/gas.
But the air that one breathes, outside or inside a building can be related to the word -sama-.
Verse 42:29 states that living creatures are spread in the heavens and the earth.
The first heaven could relate to the air that is around the earth – in which for instance birds can fly. See also verse 16:79.
This air is not only outside in the sky, but in the possible context of verse 44:10 it could be related to the air inside a building containing the -smoke-.
Comments are welcome.
Disclaimer: the study of the Koran is work in progress, every information in any posting on this forum should be controlled by the believers themselves in the best way - verse 17:36.