what do you think about this ? (i reproduce a post)
it is near of what you think
I will try to traduce part of the french article found here (http://nawaat.org/portail/2012/07/24/ibadat-el-chouyoukhs-5-la-grande-utopie-de-la-reforme-et-le-bonus-dukhanus/
Let begin with this verse
2:187 It has been made lawful for you during the night of fasting to approach your women sexually. They are a garment for you and you are a garment for them. God knows that you used to betray your souls so He has accepted your repentance, and forgiven you; now you may approach them and seek what God has written for you. And you may eat and drink until the white thread is distinct from the black thread of dawn; then you shall complete the fast until night; and do not approach them while you are devoted in the temples. These are the boundaries of God, so do not transgress them. It is thus that God clarifies His revelations to the people who they may be righteous.
We can note that drinking and eating until the white thread is distinct from the black thread of dawn doesn’t mean clearly that we can’t no more eat at all after. This kind of deduction would make the interdiction of approaching women redundant.
Now, the true definition of fasting is given here:
19:26 "So eat and drink and be happy. If you see any human being, then say: 'I have vowed an abstinence for the Almighty, so I will not talk today to any of mankind.'"
Comparison between of two descriptions of the same miracle of God:
19:10 He said: "My Lord, make for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three nights consecutively."
3:41 He said: "My Lord, make for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is not to speak to the people for three days except by symbol, and remember your Lord greatly, and glorify at dusk and dawn."
Leads to deduce that Zachariah was already fasting (not speaking) during day.
Comparaison of :
2:183 O you who believe, fasting has been decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you, perhaps you may be righteous.2:184 A few number of days; however, if any of you is ill or traveling, then the same number from different days; and as for those who can do so but with difficulty, they may redeem by feeding the needy. And whoever does good voluntarily, then it is better for him. And if you fast it is better for you if only you knew.
2:203 And remember God during a few number of days. Whoever hurries to two days, there is no sin upon him; and whoever delays, there is no sin upon him if he is being righteous. And be aware of God, and know that it is to Him that you will be gathered.
Using the marker “few number of days” (Ayyamm maadoudat) leads to identify also remembering god few days with siyyam
So fasting is a spiritual retreat.
The rest of proofs comes from the meaning of Ramadan.
From Arabic dictionary, we found that:
والرَّمَضِيُّ من السحاب والمطر: ما كان في آخر القَيْظِ وأَوّلِ الخَرِيف، فالسحابُ رَمَضِيٌّ والمطر رَمَضِيٌّ، وإِنما سمي رَمَضِيّاً لأِنه يدرك سُخونة الشمس وحرّها.
والرَّمَضُ المطر يأْتي قُبُلَ الخريف فيجد الأَرض حارّة محترقة.
Ramadhyou means first rains after the summer.
So Shahr Ramadan can mean, according to ayman’s meaning of shar, the full moon of September.
The expression laylatou el Qadr can also mean the night of perfect measure between day and night, wich would be the autumn equinox. The expression Qadr is used many times to mean measure (54-49) and expressly use for measure between days and night length in verse :
73:20 Your Lord knows that you rise a little less than two thirds of the night, and half of it, and one third of it; and a group of those who are with you. And God measures (YOUKADDIROU) the night and the day……
We know that shahr Ramadan and laylatou el Qadr (night of decree ??) are the same since it is when quran was revealead and it is when angels and spirit descent.
Using dates and verse 19-25, we knows that rouh (spirit) descended on Issa on a day where dates are rutab. Also that period.
The announce of issa to meriem was done during a retreat (3-45 and 19-16 and 19-21). The birth of issa was during another retreat (19-22)
The annonce of Yahia to Zachariah was also, as we have seen, during the period of retreat.
The ten days of retreat are clearly emphasized for Moses during a period of revelation (7-142). (yom kippour ? is around this period)
The verse 2-196 seems to indicate that fasting and hajj are at the same period.
Hajj is here with the meaning of debate and a kind of festival where unbelievers are called to debate with muslims making the Hajj.
Another interesting coincidence is that there is a jewish festival during the full moon just after the equinox of autumn. And the more interesting is that this festival is called souccot and that souccout means silence in Arabic.
so Hajj and fasting are the ten days dedicated to god and to his message by spititual retreat or debating with unbelievers.